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Pre-Removal Risk Assessment

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The "PRRA bar": there is a 12 month bar to submitting your pre-removal risk assessment if your refugee claim was decided, withdrawn, or abandoned. If you come from a designated country of origin, the bar you face is 36 months beginning from when your claim for refugee protection was decided/withdrawn/abandoned. Lastly, if you come from a "Safe Third Country", you do not get access to a PRRA (i.e. the United States). 

The pre-removal risk assessment (or "PRRA") is a protection mechanism meant to allow individuals who are facing removal to their home country an opportunity to show why it is dangerous/risky to do so. Specifically, the IRPA allows a PRRA when:

  • 112. (1) A person in Canada, other than a person referred to in subsection 115(1), may, in accordance with the regulations, apply to the Minister for protection if they are subject to a removal order that is in force or are named in a certificate described in subsection 77(1).

Once you meet the criteria, the officer will inform you of your right to a PRRA and give you the appropriate forms. There are no downloadable forms available for the PRRA, although examples of it can be found online. 

On the PRRA, you can raise new evidence that was not reasonably available to you at the time of your initial refugee hearing to demonstrate to the officer that you now would require protection.

The standard for protection is the same of those under  refugee protection (i.e. that you will be persecuted because of your race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, political opinion, etc.) or that you face a risk to your life, torture, or cruel and unusual treatment. 

The idea behind the PRRA program is to catch those whose circumstances have changed from the time of their refugee refusal to their departure from Canada.  

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Useful For:

  1. People with a Removal Removal Order
  2. Failed Refugee Claimants
  3. Ineligible Refugee Claimants